Authority and Functions of Assembly
Gyeonggi-do Assembly is a representative organization for the residents that is comprised of members elected by the residents. It holds the voting authority to deliberate and decide on matters concerning policies and legislations of Gyeonggi Province, residents’ shares and other operations of the provincial government. In detail, it resolves enactment, amendment and abolition of ordinances, budget deliberation and confirmation, settlement approval, imposition and collection of service fees, charges, shares, local taxes or subscription fees with an exception of those prescribed in the law, fund installation and management, acquisition and disposition of important assets, installation, management and disposition of public facilities, imposition of duties other than for budget, waiver of rights and reception and handling of petitions. The resolution is carried out in the form of ordinance, approval and consent.
Gyeonggi-do Assembly has the authority as an administrative supervisory agency to investigate and correct the totalitarian act or unfair treatment of Gyeonggi Provincial Government and Gyeonggi Provincial Office of Education, the executive bodies. For this, it can inspect overall administrative affairs once a year and investigate specific matters through resolution at the plenary session. If necessary, it can carry out a field confirmation or request submission of documents to the executive bodies. The provincial governor or related public officials can report the progresses of administration handling or state their opinions by attending the assembly and, when requested by the assembly, must attend and answer questions asked by the assembly.
Gyeonggi-do Assembly has a function to handle petitions upon request for correction of the corruption cases of public officials or relief in relation to violation of the residents’ rights and interests or when a resident of Gyeonggi Province or a person who is a stakeholder of Gyeonggi Province expresses an opinion or request for administrative execution by Gyeonggi Provincial Government. Anyone who wishes to make a petition to Gyeonggi-do Assembly must submit a petition through mediation of a member of the assembly. A petition for intervention in a trial or that is in violation of the statutes must not be received.
In addition, Gyeonggi-do Assembly holds an autonomous function to independently decide and manage its proceedings and internal operation.
The assembly is held during a set period of time only. This period is called a session and it is decided through resolution of the assembly. Plenary session is held only in the course of a session where the submitted bills are deliberated. The committee meetings can be held even while the assembly is out of session through request of the head of the local autonomous organization or based on a resolution at the plenary session. Gyeonggi-do Assembly operates for less than 140 days a year, such as through two regular meetings for less than 65 days and a special meeting for less than 20 days.
Among many matters requiring resolution at the local assembly, those submitted by the assembly members or the head of the local autonomous organization with special formal requirements fulfilled are referred to as the “bills.”
Budget and Settlement
Budget refers to the scale of an annual operation and management of Gyeonggi Provincial Government and Gyeonggi Provincial Office of Education. When the provincial governor and superintendent compile a budget plan and submit it by 50 days before commencement of the accounting year, the budget plan is deliberated at the assembly and finalized. As for the settlement, the provincial governor and superintendent must prepare a statement of settlement and documentary evidence. Then, the documents are submitted to the assembly for approval with an opinion of inspection from an inspection member appointed by the local assembly attached.
Audit and Investigation of Administrative Affairs
The assembly conducts an audit on the executive bodies for less than 14 days a year in relation to clerical works of the local autonomous organizations according to provisions set forth in Article 41 of the Local Autonomy Act. In case of a motion by one-third or more of the incumbent members for specific clerical items of the local autonomous organizations, the items can be investigated through resolution at the plenary session.
If necessary, the assembly can conduct a field confirmation or request submission of documents by and attendance of the provincial governor, public officials and others that are relevant to the administrative affairs in question and have the attendants swear in as witnesses an give testimonies or make statements as testifiers.
The assembly can press charges on those that make false statements and, in the event a person requested of attendance does not respond to the request or refuses to testify, the assembly can impose a fine of less than KRW 5 million.
The provincial government or organizations concerned shall administer the requested corrections without delay and report the results to the assembly.
In the event the residents of a local autonomous organization expresses an opinion to the local assembly or their rights or interests are violated, the residents can request for relief or correction of the corruptive actions of public officials through the petition system.
A resident who intends to make a petition to the assembly must submit a petition through mediation of a provincial assembly member. Any petition that includes contents for intervention in a trial or in contempt of the country is not received.
* Inquiry: Protocol Officer +82-31-8008-7214