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HWASEONG FORTRESS


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A haenggung is a temporary palace where the king and royal family retreated to during a war.
Hwaseong Haenggung Palace is the largest one of these, use by the Joseon kings since the time of King Jeongjo (r. 1776-1800).
In addition to being used as a shelter during war, King Jeongjo also stayed here during trips to worship at his father’s tomb.
The palace was the location of a splendid feast held on the 60th birthday of his mother, Hyegyeonggung Hong, and many other events,
including award certificates for successful candidates of special national exams. Jangyongyeong guard ceremony is held at the front gate every Sunday from April to October.


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Admission

Hours of Operation
Hours of Operation
Season Time
Summer (March – October) 09:00 ~ 18:00
Winter (November – February) 09:00 ~ 17:00
Fees
Fees
Classification Adult Adolescents and Military Personnel Children
Individual KRW 1,000 KRW 700 KRW 500
Group (20 members or more) KRW 700 KRW 500 KRW 300

Major Place

Janganmun Gate

Janganmun Gate

Built between February 28 and September 5 of 1794 (the 18th year of King Jeongjo’s reign), Janganmun (North Gate) is one of the four main gates of Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon. The word “Jangan” has the dual meaning of “capital city” and “welfare of the people.” This magnificent structure features a hipped-style roof and a semicircular, reinforced defense position attached to its exterior.

Changnyeongmun Gate

Changnyeongmun Gate

Changnyeongmun Gate is normally called Dongmun and is the east gate of the Hwaseong Fortress. Unlike Janganmun, the gate is not connected to Ongseong and one of the gates is open. It was destroyed during the Korean War but was completely restored in 1975 in accordance with the Hwaseong Seongyeok Uigwe (Archives of the Construction of Hwaseong Fortress).

Paldalmun Gate

Paldalmun Gate

Paldalmun Gate, which is designated as Treasure No. 402, is the south gate of the Hwaseong Fortress. The name means “open roads in every direction.” The stone rainbow-style gate was wide enough for a king’s visits accompanied by horses and sedan chairs, and above the gate a second-story structure was built. A low fence was erected around the upper story of the castle gate, a semi-circular castle called Ongseong was built outside the gate, and jeokdae, a gate guard platform, was constructed to repel enemies.

Hwahongmun Gate

Hwahongmun Gate

The north gate, which is located below the Banghwasuryujeong, is called Hwahongmun Gate, which means “beautiful rainbow-colored gate.” It was constructed over a river by broadening Suwoncheon, which flows through the Hwaseong Fortress, and set up a bridge with seven holes. Above this gate, a multi-story building was erected. Hwahongmun Gate played a role of a bridge, connecting villages from the either side of the river. A bower on the river was used as a resting area for the people and facilities were equipped with canons to protect the Fortress.

Location

11, Heanggung-ro, Paldal-gu, Suwon-si
Hours

Summer(3~10) 09:00~18:00 / Winter 09:00~17:00

Tel

+82-31-290-3600

Homepage

http://english.swcf.or.kr/

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Person in charge of content : Gyeonggi-do Provincial Office
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